Rug design techniques that were made thousands of years ago have been handed down from one generation to the next. Few written records exist of the dyeing process. It is simply passed on through oral tradition.
People from various regions – tribes, villages, cities – use different designs and materials. Wool is, by far, the most common material used because those rugs are the most durable and marketable. Using the wool from the sheep that is dyed, spun, and then woven into rugs and other useful items, the finished product is then taken to the bazaar in the various Iranian cities where they are sold throughout the world.
Various religions are practiced throughout Iran, and the rug makers believe that the rugs are made with a sense that God is watching them. Also, carpets mean income and that means survival to many of the people involved in the rug-making process in this country.